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This piece is named for Archimedes (287 BC -212 BC), a great geometer and "the father of volumetrics." His most famous work is "Measurement of the Circle" in which he put forth the value of pi. He is also known for his discovery and proof of the 13 Archimedean solids, completing the family of regular and semi-regular polyhedra. He also invented a number of mechanical devices including the Archimedean screw, a water "pump" still used in many parts of the world. He is also known as the first to use the word, "Eureka!" meaning "I found it!" upon discovering a way to measure the volume of a nonuniform body.