Spheres of Pythagoras
Averroes 12th Century CE
In the School of Athens, Raphael’s famous fresco on the history of science and philosophy in Rome’s Vatican, Averroes is shown looking over Pythagoras and his works on music and mathematics. Also known as Ibn Rushd, Averroes was one of the great figures in the Golden Age of Arab thought. He revived, translated and wrote detailed commentaries on classical science and philosophy, logic, astronomy, medicine and music. He also wrote a treatise on the movement of the spheres. His rediscovery and transmission of Plato and Aristotle’s work greatly influenced the emergence of 12th century European Scholasticism and the birth of the Renaissance 200 years later.