Spheres of Pythagoras
Cicero (1st Century BCE)
Marcus Tullius Cicero was history’s most famous statesman and orator who transformed Rome in the 1st century BCE. Yet Rome’s most lasting legacy was his written works. Cicero did not begin to write these famous treatises in earnest until he was sixty years old. In many of these, he celebrated Pythagoras as a sage and great teacher and was the first to give him credit for inventing the word “Philosophy” - Lover of Wisdom. One of Cicero’s most well known works, Somnium Scipionis (Scipio’s Dream), captured Pythagoras’ teachings on the harmonious tones of the planetary spheres. This story became a model for many writings from great artists, poets and philosophers in history, including Boethius, Dante, Chaucer and Mozart.