Spheres of Pythagoras
Plato 4th – 5th Century BCE
Plato was a mathematician and philosopher, student of Socrates, teacher of Aristotle and founder of the first institution of higher learning. It was in Plato’s work, written more than a century after Pythagoras, that we see the crystallization of Pythagorean philosophy, cosmology and geometry for the first time. Plato’s Timaeus, considered one of the most read books in history second only to the Bible, explored the cosmological principles of Pythagoras’ Harmony of the Spheres and expounded on the geometry of the five archetypal polyhedra - the cube, tetrahedron, octahedron, icosahedron and dodecahedron.